The terms “Growth Mindset” and “Fixed Mindset” were coined by psychologist Carol Dweck, in her book Mindset: The New Psychology of Success, describes two contrasting beliefs about intelligence, abilities, and personal development. Let’s explore the differences between these mindsets:
A growth mindset is characterized by the belief that intelligence and abilities can be developed and improved through effort, practice, and learning. People with a growth mindset embrace challenges, persist in the face of obstacles, see failure as an opportunity to learn and grow and seek opportunities for self-improvement. They believe their abilities can be developed with dedication and hard work.
On the other hand, a fixed mindset is the belief that intelligence and abilities are fixed traits and cannot be significantly changed. People with a fixed mindset tend to avoid challenges for fear of failure, give up easily when faced with difficulties, and view setbacks or failures as evidence of their inherent limitations. They often rely on their existing skills and avoid situations that might challenge their abilities, as they believe that effort is fruitless if they are not naturally talented.
Here are my 10 Tips for Developing a Growth Mindset
Instead of shying away from challenges, actively seek them out. Embracing challenges allows you to stretch your abilities and learn new skills.
View Failure as Feedback
Instead of seeing failure as a personal flaw, reframe it as an opportunity for growth and learning. Analyze what went wrong, extract lessons from the experience, and use that feedback to improve.
Cultivate a Positive Inner Dialogue
Pay attention to your self-talk and make an effort to replace negative thoughts with positive and encouraging ones. Use affirmations and positive statements to reinforce your belief in your ability to grow and learn.
Persist in the Face of Obstacles
Develop perseverance and resilience. When faced with setbacks, don’t give up easily. Stay determined, adapt your approach if needed, and keep working towards your goals.
Emphasize Effort and Learning
Focus on the process of learning and putting in effort rather than solely on the outcome. Value the journey of growth and improvement rather than fixating on immediate results.
Seek Feedback and Learn from Others
Actively seek feedback from trusted mentors, peers, or colleagues. Be open to constructive criticism and use it as an opportunity to learn and improve.
Embrace Continuous Learning
Cultivate a thirst for knowledge and constantly seek opportunities for learning and self-improvement. Stay curious and explore new areas of interest that challenge you intellectually.
Surround Yourself with Supportive People
: Surround yourself with individuals who inspire and support your growth mindset. Seek out mentors, join communities, or participate in networking groups where you can connect with like-minded individuals.
Set Specific Goals
Set clear and specific goals that are challenging yet achievable. Break them down into smaller, manageable steps, and celebrate your progress along the way. Regularly reassess and adjust your goals as needed.
Practice Gratitude and Celebrate Successes
Cultivate an attitude of gratitude and celebrate your achievements, no matter how small. Recognize your progress and acknowledge the effort you put into your growth journey.
Remember, developing a growth mindset is an ongoing process. By incorporating these tips into your daily life, you can gradually shift your mindset and embrace the limitless potential for growth and learning.
- Growth Mindset and Academic Achievement: A study by Claro, Paunesku, and Dweck (2016) found that students who held a growth mindset were three times more likely to score in the top 20% on achievement tests than students with a fixed mindset. Source
- Growth Mindset and Resilience: According to a study published in the Journal of Youth and Adolescence, adolescents who adopted a growth mindset showed higher levels of resilience, which helped them to manage stress better (Yeager et al., 2014). Source
- Growth Mindset and Motivation: Research by Blackwell, Trzesniewski, and Dweck (2007) showed that students who believed their intelligence could be developed (a growth mindset) showed a higher increase in motivation to learn and achievement scores over time. Source
- Growth Mindset and Business Success: A survey by the Harvard Business Review found that organizations fostering a growth mindset were likelier to foster innovation and risk-taking among their employees (Caniels, Semeijn, & Renders, 2018). Source
- Growth Mindset and Lifelong Learning: A study by Haimovitz and Dweck (2016) found that parents who see failure as a negative, harmful event have children who believe their intelligence is fixed, while parents who see failure as a beneficial learning opportunity have children who believe they can develop their intelligence (a growth mindset). Source